Top 10 Programming Languages in 2019

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How to Decide Which Programming Language to Consider in 2019 among the all Most Popular Programming Languages?

As the web and mobile solutions are becoming an indispensable part of every business, the programming world is also growing at a faster rate than ever before.

While on one hand, various new technologies and languages are getting into the limelight for making the different development processes more efficient. Whereas, on the other hand, many existing web and app development technologies are disappearing from the graph.

In a scenario like this, keeping yourself updated with what’s the most popular programming languages/s is necessary for both the developers and businesses to build profitable solutions.

Taking the same thought forward, here we have created a list of Top 10 Programming Languages for 2019, just as we covered last year in the listicle on the top 10 programming languages for 2018.

So, let’s begin with the first.

1. JavaScript

Being one of the most in-demand programming languages for 2019 and beyond, JavaScript holds the first position in this list.

As per the StackOverflow’s annual survey of 2018 , 69.8% of developers employ the language to build interactive web pages, exhibit dynamic content and make the transition from web to the mobile platform.

Besides, the language also provides developers with an exquisite collection of frameworks as shared in our JavaScript framework guide which increases its popularity in the market and makes it the right fit for Linux, Mac OS X, SunOS, and Android.

2. Python

Python, which received the recognition of ‘Programming Language Hall of Fame’ by TIOBE Index last year, has also proven to be one of the future proof programming languages with no sign of disappearing.

The language is used for creating scalable web solutions due to its characteristics such as easy-to-use, fast and easy-to-deploy, which made it the right tech stack for YouTube, Survey Monkey, and Pinterest.

Besides, it is also considered a prime choice for sophisticated deep learning and machine learning app development processes.

3. Java

Just like Python, Java is also one of the top 10 most popular programming languages of 2019. It is mainly used for developing Android-based mobility solutions. But, it is also considered by Enterprise app development companies because of its impressive features like ease of use, enhanced performance, higher productivity, improved polyglot programming, etc.

4. C/CPP

“Old is gold” – C has proved this quote in different ways. Being introduced in the late 1970s, C has made a strong contribution to the world of programming.

C has been the parent language of a handful; some are either derived from C or inspired by its syntax, constructs, and paradigms, including Java, Objective-C, and C#.

Even, nowadays, it is seen, whenever there is a need to build high-performance applications, C remains the most popular choice.

Linux OS is C based. And CPP is the hybrid version of C. C++ is an object-oriented programming language and which is built on C; therefore it is preferred over others for designing higher-level applications.

C++ is seeing as more performing than dynamically typed languages because the code is type-checked before it is executed on real grounds. Core areas of developments are Virtual Reality, gaming, computer graphics etc.

5. PHP

This fact would seriously amaze you, the language which was created for the purpose of maintaining Personal Home Page (PHP) for Rasmus, have actually taken over around 83% of websites globally by today.

PHP stands for Hypertext Preprocessor, is a general-purpose programming language. Clearly, PHP is a scripting language, which runs on a server, and it is used to create web pages written in HTML. It is popular because it is free, cheap, easy to set up and simple to use for new programmers.

PHP is a very strong option for web developers around the globe. It is widely used to create dynamic web page content, and images used on websites. It’s hitting on number #5 because of its broad range of usage. Also, PHP is well dressed for the WordPress CMS (Content Management System). WordPress website development is the most famous outcome nowadays just because of php.

One of the reason, it has lagged down to number #5, PHP downgrades the website performance and affects the loading time.

Php is one of the best choices for web developers because there are lots of frameworks written in php. There is some interesting fact about php.

6. Swift

Next on the list is Swift. As smooth as its name, Swift is a general-purpose, open-source, compiled programming language developed by Apple Inc. If you are looking develop to native iOS or Mac OS apps then, Swift is barely needed for its development.

Swift is deeply influenced by Python and Ruby and was designed to be beginner-friendly and fun to use. Swift is considered to be a faster, more secure, and easier to read and debug than its predecessor Objective-C.

Unlike Objective-C, Swift requires less code, resembles with natural English. Hence, it becomes easier for existing techies from JavaScript, Java, Python, C#, and C++ to switch to Swift without hassle.

Besides this, some of the challenges are its limited talent pool. You may not find many Swift developers around you as compared to other open source languages. Recent surveys say, only 8.1% of the 78, 000 respondents use Swift, which is lesser compared to others. And due to frequent updates, Swift is considered to be less stable with every new release.

7. C# (C- Sharp)

C-sharp is a powerful, object-oriented programming language developed by Microsoft in 2000. C-sharp is utilized in developing desktop applications and more recently, Windows 8/10 applications and requires a .NET framework to function.

Microsoft developed C# as a rival to Java. Actually, Sun did not want the interference of Microsoft to make changes in Java. So, it was created.

C# has a variety of features which makes it easier to learn for the beginners. The code is consistent, and logical as compared to C++.

Spotting errors in C# are easy as it is statically typed language, where the code is checked before turning it to an application.

In short, it is perfect to develop web applications, desktop application and also proved itself in VR, 2D, and 3D gaming. Cross-platform tools like Xamarin have written in C# makes it all devices compatible.

8. Ruby

An open source, dynamic programming language, focused on simplicity and productivity, developed in mid-1990 in Japan. It was designed with themed of simplifying the programming environment and making more fun.

Ruby becomes popular by Ruby on Rails framework, a full-stack web framework. Ruby has dynamically typed language, it does not have hard rules and it is a high-level language which resembles with the English language to a great extent.

In short, you can build an application with less line of code. But the challenge of Ruby is being dynamically typed language, it’s not easy to maintain and its flexibility makes it’s slow.

9. Objective-C

Objective-C (ObjC) is an object-oriented programming language. It is used by Apple for the OS X and iOS operating systems and their application programming interfaces (APIs). It was developed in the 1980s and came in usage by some of the earliest operating systems.

Objective-C is object-oriented, general purpose. You can call it hybrid C because of the features it adds to C programming language.

10. SQL

SQL (es-que-el) stands for Structured Query Language, is a programming language to operate databases. It includes storing, manipulating and retrieving data stored in a relational database.

SQL keeps data precise and secure, and it also helps in maintaining the integrity of databases, irrespective of its size.

SQL is used today across web frameworks and database applications. If you are well versed in SQL, you can have better command over data exploration, and effective decision making.

If you are planning to opt database management as your career, first go through C or C++. SQL developers are in great demand and offered high pay scales by reputed organizations.

Wrapping up!

Since, the software industry changes with every new update or release. “What is the best programming language of the world?” is hard. If you want to start your career as a developer, it is only you who can decide which one is best suited as per your interest in varying fields.

Let’s choose:

Once again, here is the list of top 10 programming languages to start with:

    1. JavaScript
    2. Python
    3. Java
    4. C/CPP
    5. PHP
    6. Swift
    7. C#
    8. Ruby
    9. Objective – C
    10. SQL

How strong you are agreeing with me, what you feel about these tech trends. Share with your comments!

 

Sunny Chaudhary
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